CentOS 5.5编译安装MySQL5.5历程详解_广州哪里有数据

日期:2014-07-13 / 人气: / 来源:网络

网络上有很多相关的安装笔记,但是并不详尽,或是编译环境稍有不同,过程就会有差异,所以我总结了已有的经验和我自己安装过程中的体验,扩充并详尽地记录了整个过程。我选择安装的是MySQL5.5.27版本。以下是我的安装笔记

打开终端

切换到根目录

[[email protected] ~]# su -

安装Mysql5.5之前先卸载CentOS自带的Mysql5.0。

[[email protected] ~]# yum remove mysql

安装cmake

下载cmake源码包cmake-2.8.5.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.5.tar.gz

编译安装

[[email protected]]# tar xzvf cmake-2.8.5.tar.gz 

[[email protected]]# cd cmake-2.8.5 

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# ./bootstrap Error when bootstrapping CMake: Cannot find appropriate C compiler on this system. Please specify one using environment variable CC. See cmake_bootstrap.log for compilers attempted. 

报错:缺少C的编译器。

解决方法:安装gcc编译器

可以从Linux系统的安装盘中安装,也可以简单地用yum安装

[[email protected] ~]# yum install gcc

继续cmake的安装

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# ./bootstrap Error when bootstrapping CMake: Cannot find appropriate C compiler on this system. Please specify one using environment variable CXX. See cmake_bootstrap.log for compilers attempted. 再次报错:缺少C 编译器。

安装gcc-c 编译器

同样可以从Linux系统的安装盘中安装,或者简单地用yum安装

[[email protected] ~]# yum install gcc-c

重复上面的操作

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# ./bootstrap

没有报错后,编译安装

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# make 

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# make install

[[email protected] cmake-2.8.5]# cmake -version

开始正式安装Mysql

添加mysql用户和用户组

[[email protected] ~]# groupadd mysql 

[[email protected] ~]# useradd -g mysql mysql

下载mysql的源码包mysql-5.5.27.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.27.tar.gz

解压

[[email protected] ~]# cd /usr/local/

[[email protected] local]# tar xzvf mysql-5.5.27.tar.gz

[[email protected] local]# cd mysql-5.5.27

cmake运行

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# cmake .

报错:

-- Could NOT find Curses (missing: CURSES_LIBRARY CURSES_INCLUDE_PATH) CMake Error at cmake/readline.cmake:82 (MESSAGE): Curses library not found. Please install appropriate package, remove CMakeCache.txt and rerun cmake.On Debian/Ubuntu, package name is libncurses5-dev, on Redhat and derivates it is ncurses-devel. Call Stack (most recent call first): cmake/readline.cmake:126 (FIND_CURSES) cmake/readline.cmake:216 (MYSQL_USE_BUNDLED_LIBEDIT) CMakeLists.txt:250 (MYSQL_CHECK_READLINE) -- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!

解决办法:

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# rm CMakeCache.txt [[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# yum -y install ncurses-devel*

重新cmake运行

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# cmake .还是有个警告

Warning: Bison executable not found in PATH

有一个警告,也解决了它,缺少Bison就安装一下

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# yum install bison

再次运行,没有报错

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# cmake .在编译安装前,可以设置安装的配置选项

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# ./configure --help根据帮助信息选择自己需要设置的选项,当然也可以跳过这步,按默认设置

#开始编译安装,时间有点稍长...

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# make && make install完成编译安装

进入安装目录,将程序二进制的所有权改为root,数据目录的所有权改为mysql用户,更新授权表

[[email protected] mysql-5.5.27]# cd /usr/local/mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R root .

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R mysql . 

[[email protected] mysql]# chgrp -R mysql . 

[[email protected] mysql]# scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql 初始化数据库

[[email protected] mysql]# /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data 

安全启动mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# ./bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql关闭mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# ./bin/mysqladmin -u root shutdown -p

默认密码为空方便调用,为mysql设置一个软链接

[[email protected] ~]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin/mysql

其他设置处理:

设置选项文件,将配置文件拷贝到/etc下
[[email protected] mysql]# cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/mysql.cnf 

设置开机自启动

[[email protected] mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql 

[[email protected] mysql]# chmod x /etc/init.d/mysql 

[[email protected] mysql]# chkconfig Cadd mysqld

[[email protected] mysql]# chkconfg mysqld on

现在可以通过服务来启动和关闭Mysql服务器

[[email protected] ~]# service mysql start 

[[email protected] ~]# service mysql shutdown

连接服务器

[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u root -pyourpassword

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.

Your MySQL connection id is 3 to server version: 5.5.27 

Source distributinoType 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> ...

mysql> 提示符告诉你mysql准备为你输入命令。

至此MySQL已经正常安装并可以使用

mysql> QUIT

使用mysqlslap测试MYSQL压力

mysqlslap 可以用于模拟服务器的负载,并输出计时信息。其被包含在 MySQL 5.1的发行包中。测试时,可以指定并发连接数,可以指定 SQL 语句。如果没有指定 SQL 语句,mysqlslap 会自动生成查询schema 的 SELECT 语句。 1

MySQL

作者:管理员




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